Socioeconomic status (SES) is a measure of an individual’s or family’s economic and social position in
relation to others, based on various variables responsible for that like income, education, occupation,
family effluence, physical assets, social position, social participation, caste, muscle power, political
influence, etc.1 Majority of researchers agree that income, education and occupation together best
represent SES, while some others feel that changes in family structure, family effluence etc should also
be considered.